Lipari

The Aeolian archipelago has some seventeen islands, but only seven of them are inhabited. The island group, also better known as the Lipari islands –Eolian islands, are located north-east of the Sicilian coast and can be reached by ferry from Sicily, Nales, Reggio Calabria. Lipari is the main island, and generally offers the best accommodations and has a few beaches. If you're feeling energetic, hike to the top of Mount Sant'Angelo. Lipari This isle is the largest of the Aeolian Islands (48 km2). It lies 22 miles from Milazzo, which is its natural link to the mainland. Its volcanic nature is revealed by its dominating colours: the white of the pomice-stones scattered all around the coastline and the black of the obsidian of Castellaccio Vecchio. Thousands of years ago obsidian represented the islands principal export with the continent because it was extremely suitable for the manufacturing of sharp tools and arms. The volcanic phenomenon can also be observed in the island's thermal springs (up to 600), in its solfataras and in its 12 volcanic systems converging towards the 602 metres of Monte Chirica (although this is not the only mountain of Lipari). This elevated and craggy island (once called "Meligunis") has spectacular beaches and breathtaking ragged coasts whose walls rise precipitously from below the sea. Besides the town of Lipari there are four more villages on the island: Canneto, Acquacalda, Quattropiani and Piano Conte.

The largest of the Aeolian Islands, Lipari is also the only one with a sizeable town, a substantial year-round population and much in the way of industry. Pumice quarries have taken huge bites out of the mountains, though mining has recently been banned and there are plans to create a 'geo-park' with an eco-museum and thermal baths. Although the town has its attractions (the fortified acropolis, some flower-hung alleys, the pretty harbour of Marina Corta), it's not a very sophisticated place. Gaudy sarongs, mass-produced jewellery and overpriced tourist menus compete for visitors' attention with hardware stores, chandleries and the archipelago's main supermarket.

The coast around here is wild, rocky and, best of all, undeveloped, with splintered rocks offshore and extraordinary views. It's inaccessible by car, but you can reach it on foot at Valle Muria, where there's a beach (and, in season, boats to and from the port), or at Punta delle Fontanelle.

Spiagge BiancheChiesa VecchiaI FaraglioniGrotta degli Angeli

Lipari Town

The town on this island is the only true town in the whole archipelago.
There are two main roads across the town, Corso Vittorio Emanuele and Via Garibaldi, which are connected by Via Umberto, Via Maurolico and Via XXIV Maggio. To the south of the rock, Via Garibaldi reaches Marina Corta, a traditional gathering-place for local inhabitants.

This is where you can find the restaurants, outdoor cafés and ice cream parlours where you can sit a table in the shade of a large parasol. From here live also all boat trips to the beaches and the other islands. These places are very busy on summer mornings, when the traditional Sicilian breakfast is served – “granita caffè con panna e brioche” crushed ice flavoured coffe with cream served with fresh brioches. Marina Corta has a host of restaurants and places where friends can meet.

LipariMarina CortaPorticelloQuattrocchi

In order to preserve its habitual tranquillity, the town centre is closed to traffic in the summer, when you have to take one of the small local buses to get from the northern side to the southern side of the town centre. Thus, Corso Vittorio Emanuele and Via Garibaldi become peaceful streets where you can go for a nice stroll or sit in an open-air café or restaurant without having to cope with the noise and smell of cars and mopeds.

Best places are along Corso Vittorio Emanuele: Bar La Precchia, Eden Bar , here you can sit outdoors and taste some of the delicious local cakes and ice creams.

Apartments and Accomodation in Lipari  Apartments and Accomodation in Vulcano

Among the many tipical home-made Aeolian products are delicious biscuits covered with sesame seeds that can be dipped in Malvasia wine, a desert wine made in Lipari or Salina. Other interesting grocery products are wines from the Eolias , excellent superior-quality extra virgin olive oil, capers , which grow in abundance on the island and iare exported to the mainland and abroad.

Food & Wine
All sorts of fish delicacies can be found on the local menus. Special attention must be given to the swordfish, a typical fish of these waters, which is caught according to a very ancient and extremely picturesque "rite". Other specialities are : "maccaruni", aubergine rolls, sweet and sour rabbit, smoked ricotta cheese and the aromatic capers (their flowers are called the 'orchids of the Aeolian Islands") There is also a selection of excellent, strong and spiced local wines - Malvasia - produced and bottled in the Aeolian islands.

Aeolian sweet specialities are the local pastries “Nacatuli” and “Spicchitedda”, ice creams and cannolo alla siciliana (filled with sweet cream and ricotta cheese).

Museo di LipariLipari’s History  (Roman Lipara, ancient Greek Meligunis) is the biggest of the Aeolian Islands, in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the north coast of Sicily, and also the island's main town. It has approximately 11,000 inhabitants and during the tourist season (May-September) its population reaches up to 200,000. Lipari is one of a chain of seven islands in a volcanic archipelago that straddles the gap between Vesuvius and Etna. It is supposed (H. Pichler) that the island was created by a succession of four volcanic movements, the most important of which should be the third one, presumably lasting from 20000 BC to 13000 BC. A further important phenomenon should have happened around 9000 BC (C14 exams by Keller). Steaming fumaroles may still be seen. Its position has made the harbor of Lipari strategic.

In neolithic times Lipari was, with Sardinia, one of the few centers of the commerce of obsidian, a hard black volcanic glass prized by neolithic peoples for the sharp cutting edge it could produce. Lipari's history is rich in incidents and is witnessed by the recent retrievals of several necropolis and other archaeological treasures. Man seems to have inhabited the island already in 5000 BC. Its continuous occupation may have been interrupted violently when the late 9th century Ausonian civilisation site was burned and apparently not rebuilt. Many household objects have been retrieved from the charred stratum. Colonists from Cnidia under Pentathlos arrived at Lipara in 580 BC and settled on the site of the village now known as Castello or la Cittade. The colony successfully fought the Etruscans for control of the Tyrrhenian. Allied with Syracuse at the time of the fateful intervention of Athens in the west in 427 BC, Lipara withstood the assault of Athenians and their allies. Carthaginian forces succeeded in holding the site briefly during their struggles with Dionysios I, tyrant of Syracuse, in 394, but once they were gone the polis entered a three-way alliance which included Dionysios' new colony at Tyndaris. Lipari prospered, but in 304 Agathokles took the town by treachery and is said to have lost pillage from it in a storm at sea. Many objects recovered from wrecks of antiquity are now in the inLipari. Lipari became a Carthaginian naval base during the first Punic War, but fell to Roman forces in 252-251, and again to Agrippa in Octavian's campaign against Pompey.

Under the Roman Empire, it was a place of retreat, baths (the hydrothermic waters are still used as a spa) and exile. The 13th century AD citadel built by the Aragonese above the town is constructed on the Greek acropolis.   During Fascism, it was a destination for the confinement of members of the political opposition: among them, Emilio Lussu, Carlo Rosselli, Giuseppe Ghetti. The pale pumice of lipari is processed and exported all over the world. An unique and very interesting Archeological Museum has  been created to collect a relevant part of the retrievals; its disparate sections relating to the human history of these islands from prehistoric to classical times, also cover vulcanology, marine history, and the paleontology of the western Mediterranean.

Museo di LipariMuseo di LipariMuseo di Lipari
Museo di LipariMuseo di LipariMuseo di Lipari
Aeolian archeological Museum
: LUIGI BERNABO' BREA"
E-mail: museo.arche.brea@regione.sicilia.it 
Via del Castello - Lipari Messina - Tel. 090 9880174 - 9880594 - Fax 090 9880175
http://www.regione.sicilia.it/beniculturali/museolipari/pagina.asp
http://www.regione.sicilia.it/beniculturali/dirbenicult/musei/musei2/lipari.htm

Boat Trips In Lipari

This is certainly an experience not to be missed. The great part of boat trips live from marina Corta wharf (fishermen port). From here you have trips to the many beaches of the island Lipari : Spiaggia Vinci, I Faraglioni di Lipari, Valle Muria, Spiagge Bianche (white beaches-pumice sand), Pomiciazzo, and others, and daytrips to the other islands: Vulcano, Stromboli (with or without the climbing of the Crater), Salina, Panarea, Alicudi and Filicudi. In Lipari the most beautiful and exciting stretch of coastline is onj the wildest side of the island, from Quattropani when you are on land, but it is even more spectacular when see from the sea.  The enchanting view begins as soon as you have gone past the channel (500 metres wide) between the islands of Lipari and Vulcano. As you round Punta Crapazza you will see the little beach at Vinci and the crags of Pietra Lunga and Pietra Menalda (the lipari’s faraglioni) Next comes the promontory of Perciato, whose layered rocks have been perforated by the motion of the sea. Then there are Pietracacata (a colourful name taken from the mess left by seagulls) and the rocks o  Le Formiche.

As you continue, you will see the steep rock faces of Monte Guardia and, beyond Punta Jacopo, the pebbly beach of  Valle Muria.  Soon afterwards you will see the strecth of coastline that can be travelled on land by taking the old kaolin trail, with Pietra del Bagno, Cala Fico, the bay outlined by the Cugno Lungo promontory and, finally, the rocks of  Le Torricelle. The rocky coastline continues unbroken as far as the beaches of Acquacalda and the piece of coastline marked by the pumice quarrying industry. You leave the cargo docks behind you and travel back towards Lipari, going around Capo Monterosa, where the woodland is currently being restored. Those who prefer the silence of the underwater environment can contact a number of businesses offering excursions, diving assistance, oxygen refills and special diving courses. The pumice seabed at Punta Castagna is an exceptional place to explore, or you can go to the shallows at Bagno, where the crags reach down to a depth of 30 metres and you can see a host of gorgonians and fish species.

Boat trips links for itineray - informations and tarifs  Excursions and trips by boats to and from the Islands:

Gruppo Navigazione Regina :daily  cruises  from  Lipari and  Vulcano to other islands http://www.navigazioniregina.com

Navisal Navigazione:   Ausfluege aus Milazzo( Sizilien) nach den Liparischen Inseln http://www.navisal.com

Foderaro Navigazione: daily  cruises  and trips from Vibo Marina and Cetraro (Calabria) http://www.foderaro.it

Taranto Navigazione: daily  cruises and  trips from Milazzo (Sicily) http://www.minicrociere.com

 

Diving in Lipari and in the aeolian Isalnds:

Lipari :
Diving Center La Gorgonia - Salita S. Giuseppe - 98055 - Lipari (isole Eolie)
http://www.lagorgoniadiving.it/
tel.& fax 090 9812616 mobile +39 335 5717 567 - +39 360 863455 -
info@lagorgoniadiving.it

Vulcano :
Diving Center Saracen - Vulcano
www.divingcentersaracen.com/

Salina :
http://www.salinadiving.com/
Scuola Sub Salina - Diving
Porto di Rinella (sede operativa)
98050 Leni - Me (Isole Eolie)
Tel.: +39338/4959080

Filicudi :
I Delfini Filicudi
http://www.idelfinifilicudi.it/
Muséum archéologique sous-marine – ile de Filicudi

Rent boats and rafts :

Noleggio da MASSIMO
http://www.damassimo.it/eng/index2.html


Noleggio da Giovanni e Mary
MR GIOVANNI PROFILIO, rent boat
s and rafts
Mobil +39 3393904252
Mobil +39 3387933902

 

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